Causes of Bad breath

If you suffer from chronic, severe bad breath, also known as halitosis, it’s important to identify the cause so you can determine an effective treatment.Halitosis has many causes, including the following:

  • Tobacco use. If you smoke, quit. Your bad breath may be due to other causes, too, but tobacco use is a guarantee of bad breath.
  • What you eat, or don’t eat. Certain foods, such as garlic, contribute to bad breath, but only temporarily. Once they are absorbed into the bloodstream, the smell is expelled through the breath.
  • Dry mouth. If your mouth is extremely dry, there is not enough saliva to wash away excess food particles and bacteria, which can cause an unpleasant smell if they build up on the teeth.
  • Infections. Bad breath that seems to have no other cause may indicate an infection elsewhere in the body. Bad breath can be a sign of a range of conditions including respiratory tract infections, chronic sinusitis or bronchitis, diabetes, or liver and kidney problems, so it’s important not to ignore the problem.

The best way to improve bad breath is to follow a thorough oral care routine including twice-daily tooth brushing and daily flossing to remove the food particles and bacteria that can cause bad breath. Mouthwashes only improve bad breath for the short term.


Dental Veneers

Veneers are ultra-thin shells of ceramic (porcelain) or a composite resin material, which are bonded to the front of teeth. Veneers are an excellent alternative to crowns in many situations. They provide a much more conservative approach to changing a tooth’s colour, size or shape. Veneers can mask undesirable defects,such as teeth stained by tetracycline or fluorosis or damage due to an injury. They are ideal for masking discoloured fillings in front teeth. Patients with gaps between their front teeth or teeth that are chipped or worn may consider veneers. If one tooth is slightly out of position, a veneer can sometimes be fitted to bring it into line with the others. Since they are very thin, very little or no preparation of the tooth may be needed. Veneers should last for many years; but they can chip or break, just as your own teeth can. Your dentist will tell you how long each individual veneer should last. Small chips can be repaired, or a new veneer fitted if necessary.





Bruxism includes various behaviours like:-

  • Gnashing of teeth
  • Grinding of teeth
  • Clenching of teeth
  • Gritting of teeth

Signs of teeth grinding-

  1. A chipped tooth
  2. You have a headache when you wake up
  3. TMJ pain disorder
  4. Chronic grinding of teeth
  5. Pain in jaws
  6. Loosening of teeth from the gums
  7. Losing of teeth
  8. Fracturing of teeth
  9. Wearing away of teeth and enamel
  10. Receding gums/Recession
  11. Recurring headaches
  12. Tooth pain

Treatment which really help include:-

  • Using a warm, wet washcloth on the jaw in front of earlobe
  • Massaging jaw muscles, the neck, and face to relieve tension on trigger points
  • Getting physical therapy
  • Doing exercises to relax the jaw
  • Using muscle relaxants to relax the jaw

Treatments for bruxism designed to reduce symptoms or get rid of teeth grinding include:

  • Reducing stress
  • Don’t open your mouth too wide.
  • Drinking more water
  • Getting more sleep
  • Not chewing gum or on other objects as it allows your jaw muscles to get more used to clenching and makes you more likely to grind your teeth.
  • Consciously relaxing the face and jaw throughout the day
  • Buying a teeth grinding mouth guard
  • Avoiding alcohol, which increases the urge to clench the teeth
  • Avoiding caffeine, which can make you jumpy and tense
  • Do not chew on pencils or pens or anything that is not food.
  • Train yourself not to clench or grind your teeth.
  • If you notice that you clench or grind during the day, position the tip of your tongue between your teeth. This practice trains your jaw muscles to relax.

The most popular and widely used of these solutions is mouth guards which are custom fabricated according to your mouth.





Know more about Your oral health

How to get rid of stains?

Stained teeth can be due to poor oral hygiene, consumption of tobacco etc. So, it is important to change your habits in order to have a good smile. Get professional cleaning done and maintain hygiene.

 How to fight bad breath?

Foods like onion or garlic are notoriously known for causing bad breath. Other items that can be responsible for it are coffee, alcohol and cigarettes. Eating a healthy balanced diet, staying hydrated, washing your mouth at regular intervals, brushing right and giving up on smoking can help.Mouthwashes can help for transient time. Start flossing and cleaning tongue.

 Toothaches are really painful. What to do?

There can be causes like accidents or falls, misaligned or impacted wisdom teeth, gum disease,caries, etc. If your tooth is hurting, it is recommended that you visit a dentist to get relieved of your pain, instead of self medication.

 After how much time, toothbrush should be changed?

Replace your toothbrush when the bristles start splaying or bending, or every three months, whichever comes first.

    Why is smoking bad for my teeth?

Smoking or chewing tobacco can leave extrinsic stains on the enamel of the teeth. Tobacco contains staining elements that cause a gradual yellowing of teeth and affect the appearance of your teeth.

   What can be reason of dry mouth?

Dry mouth is not a disease, it’s a symptom of other diseases like diabetes, hypertension, Parkinson’s or a side effect of several medicines.A dry mouth can increase tooth decay and fungal infections of mouth.

 How many times should I brush?

While it is ideal to brush thrice a day, brushing twice everyday for 2 minutes can be sufficient to prevent germ build up and maintain good oral hygiene.




Dental Abscess with Facial Cellulitis

A dental abscess is an infection at the base of a tooth. It means a fund of pus has formed at the tip of a tooth root in your jawbone.However, it can spread to the goo near the tooth, If the infection is not treated. This causes swelling and pain. More serious infections spread to the face. This causes your face to swell (cellulitis). This is a veritably serious condition. Once the lump begins, it can spread snappily. A dental abscess generally starts with a crack or depression in a tooth. The pain is frequently made worse by drinking hot or cold potables, or smelling on hard foods. The pain may spread from the tooth to your observance or the area of your jaw on the same side.


Proper Use Of A Fluoride Rinse Can Prevent Tooth Decay

Helpful Tips

There are different categories of mouth rinses, but those that contain fluoride can help prevent cavities by protecting teeth against cavity-causing bacteria. Using a fluoride rinse can enhance your regular oral care routine, but remember that using a fluoride rinse does not replace twice-daily tooth brushing and daily flossing for complete oral health.

Follow these steps to get the most from your fluoride mouth rinse:

Brush and floss first. Teeth should be as clean as possible to get the full benefit from a rinse.

Use the right amount. Use the amount of rinse indicated on the label or as directed by your dentist.

Swish like you mean it. Keep your mouth closed and swish the rinse vigorously for at least 30 seconds.

Spit. Don’t swallow mouth rinses. The sodium fluoride in most fluoride rinses can be toxic, if large quantities are swallowed. If you allow your child use mouthwash, supervise to be sure that he or she spits it out and doesn’t swallow it.

To get the most benefit from a mouth rinse, avoid eating, drinking or smoking for at least 30 minutes so you don’t dilute the fluoride.


Know more about scaling or dental cleaning

Dental scaling is the most common nonsurgical way to treat gum disease, which is also known as periodontitis.

If your disease is moderate, but not severe, your dentist may recommend scaling to treat the disease and keep it from getting worse.

Scaling is nonsurgical, but it is a different type of procedure from a standard dental cleaning because it involves cleaning the areas of the tooth below the gum line.

There are two types of scaling instruments and some dentists or dental hygienists may use both:

  • Scaling with hand-held instruments. Your dentist or periodontist will use a dental scaler and curette to manually remove (scale) the plaque from the teeth.
  • Scaling with ultrasonic instruments. Ultrasonic scaling instruments clean plaque from the teeth with a vibrating metal tip that chips off the tartar and a water spray to wash it away and keep the tip cool.





Thumbsucking is a natural reflex for children which gives them gratification.
Thumbsucking Affects Child’s Teeth?

After permanent teeth come in, sucking may cause problems with the proper growth of the mouth, alignment of the teeth and changes in the roof of the mouth.

The intensity of the sucking like they are passively or vigorously sucking, determines whether or not dental problems may result.

Children Stop thumbsucking?

Children usually stop sucking between 2-4 years.

Consult your dentist if you notice changes in your child’s primary teeth, or are concerned about your child’s habit.

What should be done for Stopping Thumbsucking?

  • Encourage your child for not sucking.
  • Focus on correcting the cause of the anxiety and provide comfort to your child.
  • For an older child, ask him to stand in front of mirror and see himself. How he looks and tell what is bad for him.
  • Your dentist can praise your child and explain what are the adverse effects of thumb sucking to him.

If these tips don’t work,break the habit by bandaging the thumb or putting a sock on the hand at night. You can apply asafoetida(hing) or band-aid.

Your dentist or pediatrician may prescribe a bitter medication to coat the thumb or the use of a mouth appliance.


The dental changes seen in many of us with bulimia are often recognizable. Frequent vomiting may cause your salivary glands to swell and therefore the tissues of your mouth and tongue to become dry, red and sore. People with bulimia may have chronic pharyngitis and little hemorrhages under the skin of the palate.
Frequent vomiting can erode your enamel , especially on the tongue side of the upper front teeth. This sharply increases the danger for decay in these areas and may make these teeth sensitive to temperature. Severe erosion can cause changes in your bite, or the way your upper and lower teeth close . Your back teeth are often reduced in size and a few teeth can even be lost eventually. Tooth erosion can take about three years to become obvious, but not all bulimics experience it.
Many people with bulimia could also be malnourished, which may cause anemia, poor healing and increase the danger of periodontitis .


Ankyloglossia (Tongue- tie)

Ankyloglossia, also known as tongue-tie, is an oral anomaly present from birth and  may decrease mobility of the tongue tip and is caused by an unusually short, thick lingual frenulm, a membrane connecting the underside of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. Ankyloglossia varies in degree of severity from mild cases characterized by mucous membrane bands to complete ankyloglossia whereby the tongue is tethered to the floor of the mouth.

Effects of tongue-tie

  • Difficulty in eating
  • Difficulty in speech
  • Bad oral hygiene
  • Mechanical/social effects
  • Prevent the tongue from contacting the anterior palate which can result in an open bite deformity.
  • Mandibular prognathism when the tongue contacts the anterior portion of the mandible with exaggerated anterior thrusts.


Cutting through the


using LASER/BLADE under

Local anesthesia