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Dental Implant vs Bridge vs Denture

 

A Dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that allows your dentist to mount replacement teeth.

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A Dental bridge is a false tooth that is held in place by the adjacent teeth on either side of the gap. Although artificial tooth  can be made from a variety of materials such as gold, typically they’re made from porcelain to aesthetically blend in with your natural teeth.

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Dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and are supported by the surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. Dentures are replacements for missing teeth that can be taken out and put back into your mouth.There are two main types of dentures: full and partial.

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Basis Dental Implants Dentures Dental Bridges
Performance Look and like natural teeth Function similar to  natural teeth Look and like natural teeth
Comfort Secure confident smile Poorly fitting denture can irritate gum tissue Sensitivity in supporting teeth
Durability Create normal bite force Reduce bite force Vulnerable to bite force
Bone loss Maintain jaw bone Causes loss of jaw bone Doesn’t prevent bone loss
Impact on natural teeth Doesn’t impact on natural teeth Partial denture can wear and increase cavities Require modification of natural teeth
Longevity Provide long term stability Less than a year Doesn’t stable more than 8 years Can last 10-20 years
Appearance Eat your favourite food Limited food choice Eat only limited food
Cost More expensive Less expensive More expensive
Time Take one month or one year depend on the mouth condition Less than one month Less than one month
Hygiene Brush, floss and see dentist like natural teeth Must be removed to clean and should not be worn while sleeping Cleaning under the bridges

Children oral health

children

Infant care

  • Use a washout or small amount of gauze to gently wipe your child’s gums even before his or her teeth begin to come in.
  • Ensure your child only eats healthy foods.
  • Give your child lots of milk and water to drink, avoid juice and other sugary drinks.
  • Do not use fluoride tooth paste, until after age 2.
  • Finds a pediatric dentist and schedule your child’s first appointment as soon as his or her first tooth emerges no later than his or her first birthday.
  • Continue to schedule regular dental checkups.
  • Limit snacks.
  • Switch from bottles to cups after your child’s first birthday unless bottles are medically necessary.
  • A frozen teething ring or a cool spoon can help alleviate teething pain.

Toddler care

  • Toddlers usually begin to brush their own teeth around age 2 but may need assistance up to age 5.
  • Use a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste when brushing toddler’s teeth.
  • Don’t allow your child to swallow tooth paste.
  • Choose a child sized toothbrush with soft bristles.
  • Brush inside surfaces of the child’s teeth first, angling bristles toward the gum line.
  • Next, clean outside surfaces of your child’s teeth brushing gently the entire time.
  • Finally, brush the chewing surface of the teeth.
  • Start a brushing routine well bedtime so your child won’t be too tired to brush.

School-age child care

  • Continue to encourage your child to brush and floss regularly.
  • Routine checkups remain important as your child gets older.
  • If your child participates in sports make sure he or she wears a properly fitted mouth guard to protect teeth.
  • Promote healthy eating by preparing healthy lunches than don’t include soft drinks or sugary foods.

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POST-OP INSTRUCTION AFTER DENTAL IMPLANT

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Do not disturb the wound. Avoid rinsing, spitting, or touching the wound on the day of surgery. Do not use straw.

Bleeding

Some bleeding or redness in the saliva is normal for 24 hours. Excessive bleeding (your mouth fills up rapidly with blood) can be controlled by biting on a cotton pad placed directly on the bleeding wound for 30 minutes. If bleeding continues please call for further instructions.

Swelling

Swelling is a normal occurrence after surgery. To minimize swelling, apply an ice bag or towel filled with ice on the cheek in the area of surgery. Apply the ice continuously, as much as possible, for the first 36 hours.

Diet

Drink plenty of fluids. Avoid hot liquids or hard food. Soft food and liquids should be eaten on the day of surgery. Return to a normal diet as soon as possible unless otherwise directed.

Pain

You should begin taking pain medication as soon as you feel the local anesthetic wearing off. The prescribed medication should be taken as directed by your dentist. Do not take medication without consulting your doctor.

Antibiotics

Be sure to take the prescribed antibiotics as directed by your dentist to prevent infection.

Oral Hygiene

Good oral hygiene is essential to good healing. The night of surgery, use the prescribed mouthwash before bed. The day after surgery, the mouthwash should be used twice daily, after breakfast and before bed. Be sure to rinse for at least 30 seconds then spit it out. Warm salt water rinses (teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water) should be used at least 4-5 times a day, as well, especially after meals. Be gentle initially with brushing the surgical areas.

Activity

Keep physical activities to a minimum immediately following surgery. If you are considering exercise, throbbing or bleeding may occur. If this occurs, you should discontinue exercising.

Wearing your Prosthesis

Partial dentures, flippers, or full dentures should not be used immediately after surgery.

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Make your teeth sparkle:-Tooth Jewellery

 

 Tooth-Jewellery

Make your teeth sparkle!

Tooth jewellery is basically an accessory which is fixed on any prominent front tooth.

 

A lot of jewellery designs in different sizes and colors are available to choose from, and you can pick depending on what you wish to express with your smile.

 

Advantages-

1.Dental jewellery is very affordable.

2.Very simple and short  procedure.

3.No pain.

4.Can be removed easily.

5.No tooth structure is damaged.

6.No drilling/holes required.

7.You can get them on your wedding matching with your attire.

Achieve a picture perfect on your big day.

Your shoes may be discreetly covered by your dress and you may choose jewellery with elegant simplicity, but you can be sure your smile will take center stage for every minute.

 

SHINE LIKE A STAR! KEEP ROCKING!!

 

KEEP SMILING!

Meth Mouth: How Methamphetamine Use Affects Dental Health

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Methamphetamine (meth) is a dangerously addictive drug that can have severe health consequences, including stroke and permanent brain damage. It’s also devastating to your dental health.

“Meth mouth” is characterized by severe tooth decay and gum disease, which often causes teeth to break or fall out. An examination of the mouths of 571 methamphetamine users showed:

  • 96% had cavities
  • 58% had untreated tooth decay
  • 31% had six or more missing teeth

The teeth of people addicted to methamphetamines are characterized by being blackened, stained, rotting, crumbling and falling apart. Often, the teeth cannot be salvaged and must be removed. The extensive tooth decay is likely caused by a combination of drug-induced psychological and physiological changes resulting in dry mouth and long periods of poor oral hygiene. Methamphetamine itself is also acidic.

Meth – also known as speed, ice, glass and crystal – can be smoked, snorted, injected or taken in pill form and is highly addictive. The high (which causes the brain to feel intense pleasure) can last up to 12 hours. This can lead to long periods of poor dental hygiene. While high, users often crave high-calorie, carbonated, sugary beverages. In addition, they may grind or clench their teeth, all of which can harm teeth.

In the short term, meth can cause shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, insomnia, hyper activity, decreased appetite, tremors and trouble breathing. Over time, meth can cause irregular heartbeats, high blood pressure, stroke, violent behavior, anxiety, confusion, paranoia, hallucinations and delusions. It can also negatively affect ability to learn long-term.

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Oral Piercings

 

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Body piercing is a popular form of self-expression. Oral piercings or tongue splitting may look cool, but they can be dangerous to your health.  Oral piercing could also lead to more serious infections, like hepatitis or endocarditis.

If you pierce your tongue, lips, cheeks or uvula (the tiny tissue that hangs at the back of the throat,) it can interfere with speech, chewing or swallowing. It may also cause:

  • Infection, pain and swelling. Your mouth is a moist environment, home to huge amounts of breeding bacteria, and an ideal place for infection. An infection can quickly become life threatening if not treated promptly. It’s also possible for a piercing to cause your tongue to swell, potentially blocking your airway.
  • Damage to gums, teeth and fillings. biting or playing with the piercing can injure your gums and lead to cracked, scratched or sensitive teeth. Piercings can also damage fillings.
  • Hypersensitivity to metals. Allergic reactions at the pierced site are also possible.
  • Nerve damage. After a piercing, you may experience a numb tongue that is caused by nerve damage that is usually temporary, but can sometimes be permanent. The injured nerve may affect your sense of taste, or how you move your mouth. Damage to your tongue’s blood vessels can cause serious blood loss.
  • Excessive drooling.

If you already have piercings:

  • Contact your dentist or physician immediately if you have any signs of infection—swelling, pain, fever, chills, shaking or a red-streaked appearance around the site of the piercing.
  • Keep the piercing site clean and free of any matter by using a mouth rinse after every meal.
  • Try to avoid clicking the jewellery against teeth and avoid stress on the piercing.
  • Check the tightness of your jewellery periodically (with clean hands).
  • When taking part in sports, remove the jewellery and protect your mouth with a mouth guard.
  • See your dentist regularly, and remember to brush twice a day and floss daily.

Of course the best option is to consider removing mouth jewellery before it causes a problem. Don’t pierce on a whim. The piercing will be an added responsibility to your life, requiring constant attention and upkeep. Talk to your dentist for more information.

 

Cleaning of teeth

Plaque

Your teeth are covered with a sticky film called plaque that can contribute to tooth decay and gum disease. Plaque contains bacteria, which following a meal or snack containing sugar can release acids that attack tooth enamel. Repeated attacks can cause the enamel to break down, eventually resulting in cavities. Plaque that is not removed with thorough daily brushing and cleaning between teeth can eventually harden into calculus or tartar. This makes it more difficult to keep your teeth clean.

When tartar collects above the gum line, the gum tissue can become swollen and may bleed easily. This is called gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease.

Treatment

Scaling and root planning is a deep cleaning below the gum line used to treat gum disease.

 

Why Do I Need It?

If gum disease is caught early and hasn’t damaged the structures below the gum line, a professional cleaning should do. If the pockets between your gums and teeth are too deep, however, scaling and root planning may be needed.
This deep cleaning has two parts. Scaling is when your dentist removes all the plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) above and below the gum line, making sure to clean all the way down to the bottom of the pocket. Your dentist will then begin root planning, smoothing out your teeth roots to help your gums reattach to your teeth. Scaling and root planing may take more than one visit to complete and may require a local anesthetic.

After Care Tips

After a deep cleaning, you may have sensitivity for up to a week.
To prevent infection, control pain or help you heal, your dentist may prescribe a pill or mouth rinse. Your dentist may also insert medication (subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline) directly into the pocket that was cleaned.

Your dentist will schedule another visit to see how your gums have healed and measure the depth of your pockets. If they have gotten deeper, more treatment may be needed.

Good dental care at home is essential to help keep gum disease from becoming more serious or recurring.

Brush your teeth twice daily with a soft brush

Clean between your teeth daily

Eat a balanced diet

Avoid eating tobacco

see your dentist regularly

 

Image result for cleaning of teeth

 

 

 

Everything you need to know about cold sores

Image result for cold sores

Cold sores are small sores, or blister-like lesions, that appear on the lips, chin, cheeks, inside the nostrils, and less frequently on the gums or the roof of the mouth.

They usually cause pain, a burning sensation, or itching before they burst and crust over.

There is no way to cure or prevent cold sores, but steps can be taken to reduce their frequency and duration.

  • The herpes simplex virus strain HSV-1 normally causes them.
  • They usually clear within 7 to 10 days without treatment.
  • The virus is highly contagious and can be passed on through close direct contact.

Symptoms can include:-

  • lesions, blisters, or ulcers on the tongue or mouth
  • mouth or tongue pain
  • lip swelling
  • possible swallowing difficulties
  • sore throat
  • swollen glands
  • high body temperature
  • dehydration
  • nausea
  • headaches

There may also be an infection of the mouth and gums, known as gingivostomatitis. This lasts for 1 to 2 weeks, and it does not recur.

Pharyngotonsillitis, an infection of the throat and tonsils, may occur when the primary infection affects adults.

 

A cold sore will develop in several stages when it recurs.

  • A tingling, itching or burning sensation around the mouth often indicates the start of a cold-sore outbreak. Fluid-filled sores, often on the edges of the lower lip, tend to follow this. Glands may start to swell.
  • The sores often appear in the same place each time. Pain and irritation develop alongside the cold sore.
  • The sores break and ooze.
  • A yellow crust forms on top of the sores and scabs off to uncover pink skin that heals without scarring.

Most cold sores disappear within a week or two.

Diagnosis

The signs and symptoms are usually clear enough for a doctor to make a diagnosis, but they may also order a blood test.

In some cases, the doctor may take a sample of the fluid scraped from the cold sore to detect the presence of the virus.

Treatment

Most cold sore outbreaks clear up within 1 to 2 weeks without treatment.

Some ointments and antiviral medications may shorten the outbreak’s duration and alleviate discomfort and pain.

 

Dental Care During Pregnancy

The Importance of Seeing Your Dentist During Pregnancy

Just as you have doctor visits for prenatal checkups, it’s also important to visit your dentist for prenatal dental care. Your dentist can help discuss changes in oral health during pregnancy and what to look for. There is a connection between your health during pregnancy and your baby’s health, so visiting your dentist during pregnancy is essential.

Your Teeth: What to Expect When Pregnant

During pregnancy, the changing hormone levels can leave your mouth more vulnerable to bacteria and plaque, both of which create tender gums during pregnancy. This can put you at greater risk for tooth decay and gum disease.

Here are a few dental issues to monitor during pregnancy:

  • Gum inflammation is more likely to occur during the second trimester. Your gums may be swollen, tender, and may bleed a little during brushing and flossing.
  • Plaque buildup during pregnancy is common, but brushing and flossing regularly can help
  • Although pregnancy does not cause periodontal disease, pregnancy can exacerbate this condition, which can result from untreated gingivitis.
  • Pregnancy tumors are overgrowth’s of tissue appear that on the gums, most often during the second trimester. They are non-cancerous growths believed to be related to excess plaque. They may bleed easily and will usually disappear after the baby is born.

Dental Hygiene during Pregnancy

Here are daily dental hygiene some tips to keep in mind while you’re pregnant:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.
  • Floss gently once a day.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for a professional cleaning and check-up.
  • Ask your dentist about an antimicrobial mouth rinse to help combat the increase of plaque.
  • If you have morning sickness and vomiting, rinse your mouth with a teaspoon of baking soda mixed with water. This will help keep stomach acids from attacking your teeth and causing decay.
  • Eat a diet rich with calcium, B12 and vitamin C to help keep gums healthy.
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TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint and Muscle Disorders)

 

 

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Overview

Temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders, commonly called “TMJ,” are a group of conditions that cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and muscles that control jaw movement.

Some estimates suggest that TMJ disorders affect over 10 million Americans. These conditions appear to be more common in women than men.

Causes

Trauma to the jaw or temporomandibular joint plays a role in some TMJ disorders, but in most cases, the exact cause of the condition is not clear. For many people, symptoms seem to start without obvious reason.

Symptoms

A variety of symptoms may be linked to TMJ disorders. The most common symptom is pain in the chewing muscles and/or jaw joint. Other symptoms include:

  • radiating pain in the face, jaw, or neck,
  • jaw muscle stiffness,
  • limited movement or locking of the jaw,
  • painful clicking, popping or grating in the jaw joint when opening or closing the mouth,
  • a change in the way the upper and lower teeth fit together.

Diagnosis

There is no widely accepted, standard test now available to correctly diagnose TMJ disorders. Your doctor will note your symptoms, take a detailed medical history, and examine problem areas, including the head, neck, face, and jaw for tenderness, clicking, popping, or difficulty with movement. The doctor might also suggest imaging studies such as an x-ray.

Treatment

Conservative Treatments

Because the most common jaw joint and muscle problems are temporary and do not get worse, simple treatment may be all that is necessary to relieve discomfort. Short term use of over-the-counter pain medicines or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen; the use of a stabilization splint, or bite guard, that fits over upper or lower teeth may provide relief.

Irreversible Treatments

Surgical treatments are controversial, often irreversible, and should be avoided where possible. There have been no long-term clinical trials to study the safety and effectiveness of surgical treatments for TMJ disorders.

Self-care practices that may help ease symptoms of TMJ:

  • eating soft foods,
  • applying an ice pack,
  • avoiding extreme jaw movements like wide yawning, loud singing, and gum chewing,
  • learning techniques to relax and reduce stress,
  • practicing gentle jaw stretching and relaxing exercises that may help increase jaw movement. Your health care provider or a physical therapist can recommend exercise

TMJ

 

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