Sjögren’s syndrome

Sjögren’s (SHOW-grins) syndrome is an autoimmune disease that reduces quantity of saliva within the mouth.Immune cells mistakenly attack and destroy healthy cells within the glands that produce saliva.


The main symptoms of Sjögren’s syndrome are:

xerostomia . Your tongue and your throat will feel dry and chewing and swallowing could also be difficult or painful.

Sjögren’s syndrome also can affect other parts of the body, causing symptoms such as:

Joint and muscle pain
Dry skin
Rashes on the skin of hands or feet
Numbness or tingling within the hands or feet
Dry cough that does not get away
Fatigue that does not get away

If you’ve got Sjögren’s syndrome you’ll only have mild symptoms of dry eyes and mouth, otherwise you could experience cycles of mild symptoms followed by more severe symptoms.


A doctor diagnoses Sjögren’s syndrome using your medical record , a physical exam, and therefore the results from clinical or laboratory tests. counting on what the doctor finds during the medical record and physical exam, he or she might want you to require more tests or refer you to a specialist.


There is still no cure for Sjögren’s syndrome. Treatment can vary from person to person, counting on what parts of the body are affected. There are saliva substitutes and prescribed drugs to assist increase saliva production. Simply drinking small sips of water regularly throughout the day can also help. If you’ve got joint pain, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug drugs may offer some relief. If symptoms are severe, corticosteroids or immunosuppressive drugs could also be prescribed.

dry mouthhhhhhhh

Know about Midline Diastema

Whether you’re keen on it or hate it, that space between your teeth features a name. A diastema may be a gap between two teeth. Many celebrities are famous for his or her midline diastema, or space between their two upper front teeth.Diastemas are extremely common, especially among children. A diastema may be a natural a part of a child’s development and should correct on its own. In fact, up to 97 percent of youngsters have diastemas, which number significantly decreases as children grow and these spaces pack up naturally. If a diastema remains after the eruption of adult teeth, it’ll become permanent and may only be corrected with professional dental treatment.

Diastema Causes

There are several reasons that permanent diastemas form. A diastema is usually the results of a discrepancy between the dimensions of the jaws and therefore the size of the teeth. Crooked teeth usually come from overcrowding, where the teeth are too big for the jaw. the other is true for a diastema — teeth that are too small for the jaw may have gaps between them. Diastemas can also be caused by missing teeth, undersized teeth or bad oral habits, like excessive thumb-sucking.A midline diastema also can be caused by an outsized labial frenum. Frenum is that the tissue that connects your lips and gum.

Diastema Closure :- Diastemas usually cause no complications to your dental health, but many of us choose diastema closure for cosmetic purposes. There are several sorts of diastema treatment available today.

Dental Braces :-Most diastemas require a full set of dental braces and retainer therapy, as moving one tooth can affect the location of the remainder .

Cosmetic restoration:-Esthetic composite resins generally wont to close midline diastema especially in adult patients. It requires a gradual composite build-up on the mesial side of the tooth and stripping of distal surface of the tooth so as to realize shape and size of the tooth.


Dental sealants

Normally the back teeth, especially molars, have deep grooves which are known as pits & fissures. These pits & fissures are generally deep in kid’s teeth but with age become shallow. It can be difficult to remove all food particles from these depressions and grooves. Hence the food gets stuck more in kid’s teeth leading to decay( sealants).

This situation can be prevented by placing fillings known as pit & fissure sealants. The purpose of sealants is not to replace the oral care routine of twice-daily tooth brushing and daily flossing but to provide an extra layer of protection to these deep depressions on teeth. Sealants usually last for several years before you need a re-application, but you should still visit your dentist regularly for a professional cleaning and evaluation to ensure good oral health.


Know about Torus palatinus

Torus palatinus may be a benign peculiarity wherein there’s a bony outgrowth on the palate. it’s a traditional bump on the roof of the mouth. it’s one among the foremost common exostosis involving the mouth . it’s not cancerous, neither is it painful or sore. It comes in several shapes: nodular, spindle-like, lobular, or irregular. it’s hard upon palpation and radiography shows opacity on this area thanks to the bone’s density. Since it’s normal, there’s no symptom related to it.

Torus Palatinus Causes

torus-palatinus-picturesGenetic and ethnic factors: Torus palatinus occurs in 20% of the overall population. Torus mandibularis occurs in 6-40%.It mostly appears after puberty. it’s generally seen among adults. for youngsters in 5-15 age groups, there’s 30.9% occurrence and it had been shown that females are more likely to develop it. Torus palatinus is more common among females. Torus mandibularis is more common among males. Torus palatinus doesn’t got to be treated since its essential features appear to be normal. it’s simply an anatomical variance that doesn’t affect everyone folks . Surgical removal offers an answer if torus palatinus causes a drag within the placement of dentures or dental prosthesis.


Know more about mucocele !

A mucocele may be a harmless cyst or bump in your mouth. you’ll catch on if a small tube (duct) that moves saliva gets damaged or blocked. This most frequently happens if you repeatedly bite or suck on your lower lip or cheek.

Causes :-

Where does a mucocele come from?

It centers on alittle exocrine gland , which makes saliva in your mouth

Symptoms :-

Mucoceles often show abreast of the within of your lower lips, your gums, the roof of your mouth, or under your tongue. Those on the ground of the mouth are called ranulas. These are rare, but because they’re larger, they will cause more problems with speech, chewing, and swallowing.

Treament of Mucocele:-

Treatment is predicated upon the severity of the mucous cyst. Sometimes cysts might not require treatment and can heal on their own over time. Superficial cysts often resolve on their own. to stop infection or tissue damage, don’t attempt to open or remove cysts reception . Frequent or recurring cysts may require further medical treatment.

Treatments utilized in mucous cysts that aren’t very severe include:

Laser therapy. This treatment uses alittle , directed beam of sunshine to get rid of the cyst.

Cryotherapy. This treatment removes the cyst by freezing its tissues.

Intralesional corticosteroid injection. This treatment injects a steroid into the cyst to scale back inflammation and speed up healing.

To prevent recurrence — or to treat especially severe cysts — your doctor may recommend surgical removal of the cyst or maybe the entire exocrine gland .

Even after healing, the sole thanks to ensure a cyst won’t come is to possess it surgically removed. Avoid habits like lip or cheek biting to assist prevent future cysts.


Disadvantages of Chewing gum


Adults and youngsters alike enjoy chewing gum, but while chewing gum can have its advantages, like freshening breath, it also can have its disadvantages. Being conscious of the detrimental effects of gum can help consumers make healthful decisions when next purchasing and planning on chewing gum.

1. Plaque Formation

Chewing gum or eating any food can cause plaque to make . After consuming food or chewing gum, plaque can formulate on the teeth within a couple of hours. The bacteria found in plaque can directly cause cavity . If plaque isn’t faraway from teeth quickly enough through brushing and flossing, bacteria can calcify, turn in to tartar and eventually cause gingivitis if left untreated.

2. Cavity

Chewing sugared gum can cause cavity and gum disease. The chewing gum literally coats the teeth with sugar and may be especially destructive if you don’t brush your teeth immediately after chewing. Switching to a sugarless brand can alleviate the matter .

3. Unhealthy components of Chewing Gum

Other than sugar, chewing gum has many ingredients therein aren’t necessarily good for you within the future . like aspartame and other sweeteners that are known carcinogens (cancer inducing factors) .

4. Stomach issues

Most of the chewing gum contains powerful digestive juice . According gastroenterologist, chewing on an empty stomach can trigger or aggravate gastritis or other stomach troubles. it’s been observed that the content of chewing gums which are usually rubber base, sweeteners, combined with fragrances and softeners are obviously not good for health.

5. Tooth and Jaw Issues

Frequent chewing over time also can end in the wearing down of enamel . In individuals who are vulnerable to cavity a skinny enamel can cause the caries to spread even faster, and a sugar – containing chewing gum will only accelerate the decay rate even more.

Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Gum diseases, also referred to as periodontal diseases, are usually caused by a build-up of bacteria and plaque that inflames and infects the gums. Plaque may be a clear film on the teeth to which bacteria sticks, and if it isn’t removed with brushing and flossing, it’ll become a tough material called tartar. Tartar and bacteria deposits around and under the gum line are the most causes of periodontal diseases.
There are two sorts of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis.
• Gingivitis may be a milder sort of gum disease, during which gums become red, swollen, and should bleed easily.
• Periodontitis may be a far more serious oral health condition during which the inflammation spreads deep below the gum line and involves the bone and tissues that hold teeth in situ . Periodontitis can cause deep pockets of infection, which can end in the loss of teeth and their surrounding bone if it’s left untreated.
Fortunately, there are several procedures available to treat these oral health problems, counting on the severity of the disease.
The primary goal of any treatment for periodontitis is to regulate and eliminate the tartar and bacterial infection round the teeth and under the gums. Treatments range from deep cleanings to oral surgery.
Prevention of Periodontal Disease
The best ways to stop gingivitis from graduating to periodontitis are to:
• Brush your teeth after every meal.
• Floss a minimum of once each day .
• Eat a diet .
• Avoid tobacco products.
• Get regular dental checkups and cleanings.



Sialadenitis is that the infection of the salivary glands caused by a bacteria or virus. The parotid, located ahead of the ear and submandibular, placed below the chin are the glands, which are affected most ordinarily . They cause ache, tenderness, redness, and steady concentrated inflammation of the region affected. It are often either acute or chronic, and is frequent among adults with exocrine gland stones. However, it can occur to anyone, including infants. If not treated well, Sialadenitis can progress into a severe infection. Causes of Sialadenitis. Bacteria cause most of the acute cases, especisalivary-gland-stones1ally staphylococcus infections. Ignorance of oral hygiene may be a major reason for this infection. aside from these, infections like HIV, herpes, and mumps also can cause the swelling of the exocrine gland . Chronic Sialadenitis is usually caused by salivary stones, which are nothing but deposits of calcium and different minerals that get accumulated within the glands and cause blockages. Although less frequent, an individual also can develop this infection thanks to the results of the system responding to other drugs given to treat different glandular cases.

Torus mandibularis

Torus mandibularis may be a benign peculiarity wherein there’s a bony outgrowth on the palate. it’s a traditional bump on the roof of the mouth. it’s one among the foremost common exostosis involving the mouth . it’s not cancerous, nor it’s painful or sore .It comes in several shapes: nodular, spindle-like, lobular, or irregular. it’s hard upon palpation and radiography shows opacity on this area thanks to the bone’s density. Since it’s normal, there’s no symptom related to it. it’s believed that mandibular tori are caused by several factors. they’re more common in early adult life and are related to bruxism. the dimensions of theindex tori may fluctuate throughout life, and in some cases the tori are often large enough to the touch one another within the midline of mouth. Consequently, it’s believed that mandibular tori are the results of local stresses and not solely on genetic influences.


Orthodontic treatment with metal braces



Orthodontic treatment is the science where the position and shape of the teeth is altered so as to make the teeth functionally and visibly more appropriate.
This type of treatment involves putting of small metallic brackets on the inner or outer surface of the teeth and then putting a wire through the brackets. This wire is held on with the help of little rubber bands, you can choose the color of the little bands and experiment with a variety of colors ranging from the traditional transparent ones or ones of neon colors.
The wire is then tightened approximately every month until the teeth reach the desired position.
The treatment once started cannot be stopped midway if the desired results want to be achieved.

They are highly effective in bringing our teeth in alignment.

  • need to be tightened only once a month
  • most cost effective method for straightening teeth.
  • can make even minor changes in later stages
  • They are visually unaesthetic.
  • if not cleaned properly they tend to accumulate food and debris.
  • you need to keep the mouth absolutely clean at all timed.
  • sometimes the brackets come off in case of trauma to the bracket or teeth in that case a dentist needs to be visited to replace the bracket.
  • the wire needs to be tightened every month so you need to be present . the process cannot be too early or too late to get the desired results.