Category Archives: Uncategorized

Bulimia

The dental changes seen in many of us with bulimia are often recognizable. Frequent vomiting may cause your salivary glands to swell and therefore the tissues of your mouth and tongue to become dry, red and sore. People with bulimia may have chronic pharyngitis and little hemorrhages under the skin of the palate.
Frequent vomiting can erode your enamel , especially on the tongue side of the upper front teeth. This sharply increases the danger for decay in these areas and may make these teeth sensitive to temperature. Severe erosion can cause changes in your bite, or the way your upper and lower teeth close . Your back teeth are often reduced in size and a few teeth can even be lost eventually. Tooth erosion can take about three years to become obvious, but not all bulimics experience it.
Many people with bulimia could also be malnourished, which may cause anemia, poor healing and increase the danger of periodontitis .

bulimia

Thrush

Thrush (also called Candidiasis or moniliasis) is a fungal infection that occurs when the yeast Candida albicans reproduce in large numbers. It is common among denture wearers. Most often it occurs in people with weak immune systems—the very young, elderly or those debilitated
by disease, such as diabetes or leukemia. In addition, people with dry mouth syndrome are susceptible to candidiasis. Candida may also flourish after antibiotic treatment, which can decrease normal bacteria in the mouth.
Controlling candidiasis means focusing on preventing or controlling the condition that causes the outbreak.
Good oral hygiene is essential. Clean your dentures to remove Candida and remove them at bedtime. If the cause is dry mouth saliva substitutes and prescription medications may be helpful when the underlying cause of dry mouth is incurable or unavoidable.
What Are the Symptoms?
White, slightly raised areas in your mouth are common signs of thrush. They’re usually found on your tongue or inner cheeks. They can also appear on the roof of your mouth, gums, tonsils, or the back of your throat. These areas may look like cottage cheese. They can be painful and may bleed slightly when you scrape them or brush your teeth.

In very bad cases, they can spread into your esophagus and cause:
• Pain when you swallow or difficulty swallowing
• A feeling that food is stuck in your throat or in the middle of your chest
• Fever, if the infection spreads beyond the esophagus

The fungus that causes thrush can spread to other parts of the body, like the lungs, liver, and skin. This happens more often in people with cancer, HIV, or other conditions that weaken the immune system.
How Will I Know if I Have It?
Your dentist or doctor can probably tell by taking a look inside your mouth. Your doctor might also send a tiny sample of the spot to a lab just to make sure.
If the fungus that causes thrush spreads into your esophagus, you may have to have other tests,
like:
• A throat culture (a swab of the back of your throat)
• An endoscopy of your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine
• X-rays of your esophagus
What’s the Treatment?
Thrush is easy to treat in healthy children and adults. But the symptoms may be worse and
harder to treat in people with weak immune systems.
Your doctor will probably prescribe antifungal medications that you’ll have to take for 10 to 14
days. These come in tablets, lozenges, or liquids, and are generally easy to take.
Since the infection can be a symptom of other medical problems, your doctor may also want to
run other tests to rule these out.

How Can I Prevent Thrush?

  • Practice good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day.
  • Get regular dental checkups. Especially if you have diabetes or wear dentures.
  • Even if you’re healthy and don’t have dental issues, you should get your teeth cleaned by your dentist every 6
    months.

Oral candidiasis. oral thrush. healthy mouth and tongue with candidiasis infection

DENTAL CAMP

THE DENTAL ARCADE organized a free dental check up  and awareness camp at S D college sector 32 chandigarh . Over 50 employees and their families were examined and provided with required dentifrices free of cost.

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Apart from check-up, the staff were made aware about dental health and hygiene by the team of experts  doctors.

 

Dr Vijita explained that most of the dental diseases can be prevented by simple practice of brushing twice daily with soft brush and regular dental check-up.

 

She also told that the modern eating habits are one of the biggest reasons for dental problems.

 

If we regularly visit our dentist and follow good eating habits we can avoid oral problems.

 

The camp was initiated with dental awareness talk, educating people about common dental ailments, especially stressing on tooth decay and gum diseases and measures to prevent from them.

 

 

Talon Cusp

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Meaning of Talon Cusp:-

Talon cusp is a rare dental anomaly. Generally a person with this develops “cusp-like” projection

Located on the inside surface of the upper affected tooth. Talon cusp is an extra cusp on an anterior tooth. Although talon cusp may not appear serious.

Cause of talon cusp:-

The cause of talon cusp is unknown. The anomaly can occur due to genetic and environmental factors but the onset can be spontaneous. Prevention is difficult because the occurrence happens during the development of teeth.

Treatments of Talon cusp:-

Treatment is only required if the occlusion or bite of the person is compromised and causing other dental problems.

  • Multiple long-term clinical problems can arise such as occlusal interferences, aesthetic disturbances, loss of pulp vitality, and irritation of tongue during mastication and speech, caries and displacement of the affected tooth.
  • Most people with talon cusp will live their normal lives unless the case is severe and causes a cascade of other dental issues that lead to additional health problems.

Small talon cusps that produce no symptoms or complication for a person can remain untreated. However large talon cusps should not.

Some common treatments include:

  • Fissure sealing
  • Composite resin restoration
  • Reduction of cusp
  • Pulpotomy
  • Root canal  (endodontic treatment)
  • Extraction

Sometimes it can cause mild irritation to soft tissues around the teeth and the tongue, and if large enough, may pose an aesthetic problem. Talon cusps that are too large are filed down with a motorized file, and then endodontic therapy is administered.

  • In order to prevent any future dental complications, when large talon cusp is present due to an early diagnosis it would be best to see a dentist regularly every six months for routine dental checkups, remain under observation, brush and floss properly and undergo regular topical applications of fluoride gel to prevent caries and to promote enamel strength.

 

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ABFRACTION, ABRASION, EROSION AND ATTRITION

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ABFRACTION, ABRASION, EROSION AND ATTRITION

Abfraction, abrasion, erosion and attrition  all involve some tooth damage, but at different locations on the tooth. While they have varying causes, they can interact and create a bigger problem. It’s possible to have abfraction, abrasion, erosion and attrition at the same time.

Abfraction

Abfraction is a wedge-shaped flaw on the tooth at the point it meets the gumline.

It’s caused by friction and pressure on the tooth and gums, which causes the neck of the tooth to start breaking off.

Abrasion

Abrasion is likely to be found on the teeth closest to your cheeks, also known as the buccal side. Unlike the V-shaped appearance of abfraction, the damage caused by abrasion is flat.

Abrasion is caused by friction from foreign objects, such as pencils, fingernails, or mouth piercings. Using a hard toothbrush, abrasive tooth products, and improper brushing technique can also lead to abrasion.

Erosion

Erosion is the general wearing away of tooth enamel. Teeth may have a more rounded appearance, with hint of transparency or discoloration. As erosion progresses, you can start to see dents and chips in the teeth.

Unlike abfraction and abrasion, erosion is more of a chemical process, happening on the surface and subsurface of the teeth. It’s caused by high acid levels in the saliva. This may be due to acidic foods or drinks, dry mouth, or health conditions that cause frequent vomiting.

Attrition

Dental attrition is a type of tooth wear caused by tooth-to-tooth contact, resulting in loss of tooth tissue, usually starting at the incisal or occlusal surfaces. Tooth wear is a physiological process and is commonly seen as a normal part of aging.

blooog pics

Tooth Abfractions

afraction

Abfraction lesions on teeth are small notches caused by stress (forces) on your teeth. Biting, chewing, clenching and grinding put pressure on your teeth. Over time, this pressure can cause cracks and splits in the outer layer of your teeth near the gum line. Such lesions are fairly common in adults. Older adults are especially likely to have them. They occur more often in the back teeth, called premolars and molars. But they can occur in the front teeth as well and appear as V-shaped or wedge-shaped notches. Abfraction lesions don’t usually hurt but if the deeper layers of the tooth are involved, sensitivity might occur. These lesions do not heal over time. Some may worsen, and if left untreated, can cause the tooth to fracture. In order to prevent this, your dentist might recommend fillings of these lesions. This will not only strengthen the tooth, but also decrease the sensitivity if present.

What are the symptoms of abfraction?

You might first become aware of abfraction when you get food stuck in the wedge or when you flash a big smile. You might even be able to feel it with your tongue.

Abfraction is usually painless, but tooth sensitivity can become a problem, especially where heat and cold are concerned.

You may never develop other signs or symptoms, but if the damage continues, it could lead to:

  • worn and shiny facets on the tooth, known as translucency
  • chipping of the tooth surface
  • loss of enamel or exposed dentin

What causes abfraction?

Abfraction is caused by long-term stress on the teeth. This can happen in a variety of ways, such as:

  • bruxing, also known as teeth grinding
  • misalignment of the teeth, also called malocculusion
  • mineral loss due to acidic or abrasive factors

How is abfraction treated?

The diagnosis can usually be made on clinical examination. Tell your dentist about any health conditions or habits that can affect the teeth. Some examples of this are:

  • habitually clenching or grinding your teeth
  • eating disorders
  • a highly acidic diet
  • wrong brushing techniques
  • medications that cause dry mouth

Your doctor will recommend treatment based on the severity of your symptoms and whether you have co-existing dental problems. You might also want to consider how it affects your smile and ability to keep your teeth clean.

The damage can’t be reversed, but you can ease tooth sensitivity, improve appearance, and help prevent future damage. Some treatment options are:

  • Fillings.
  • Nightguard.
  • Toothpaste.
  • Orthodontics.

 

 

 

 

 

Tooth Alternative:- Implants

Have you lost a tooth?

  • Does it make you feel embarrassed or self-conscious about your smile?
  • Does it feel awkward when chewing and eating?
  • Do you wish you had better, more natural chewing function and the ability to enjoy all foods?

 

So, DENTAL IMPLANTS is the answer to all your problems.

 Dental implants can change all of that.Dental implants perform and look just like natural teeth; no one will ever know you are having permanent dental implants. It increases comfort, function and confidence while speaking, eating and smiling.

 What are dental implants?

Dental implants are metal posts or frames that are surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath your gums. Once in place, they allow your dentist to mount replacement teeth onto them.

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Procedures involved in placing dental implant

  • Placement of the implant.
  • Abutment Placement.
  • Placement of final crown which will replace the
  • Missing tooth crown.

IMPLANT-SUPPORTED DENTURE:-

Implant supported denture have many advantages over regular dentures, such as added stability and ability to chew foods. Implant-supported dentures also make it easier to talk. And just as importantly, you won’t worry about your denture falling out of your mouth when you chew your food.

 

 

 

 

 

 

tooth implant

Oral Care Tips For Implants

Most dental implants are successful, and there are a few steps you can take to help ensure success and make your implant last :

  • Practice good oral hygiene – brush twice a day and floss once daily. Using interdental brushes, brushes that slide between teeth, can help clean the hard to reach areas around your implant.
  • Quit smoking – smoking can weaken the bone structure and can contribute to implant failure.
  • Visit your dentist – cleanings and exams every six months can help ensure your implant is in good condition, and that it stays that way.
  • Avoid chewing on hard foods – don’t chew on hard items such as ice and hard candy because they can break the crown and your natural teeth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dental Check-up camp For community welfare

A  community welfare dental checkup-cum-awareness camp was organised in sector 17   BUS STAND. The camp was attended by more than 150 people including local vendors, Auto-Rickshaw pullers, Shopkeepers and  Taxi Drivers.

Dr.Vijita Mehta and their team of Doctors Dr. Neeraj Goyal and Dr. Shivali Rai spread the awareness regarding oral hygiene and educated them about various oral health issues related to smoking and Tobacco chewing.

The event was also graced by the DSP Ram Gopal, SHO Maninder Singh and the team of police officers.

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DOES YOUR MOUTH STINK???

 

bad-breath1Bad breath or halitosis, can result from poor dental health habits and may be a sign of other health problems.

All the food eaten begins to be broken down in your Mouth.

If you eat foods with strong odors (such as garlic or onions), brushing and flossing — even mouthwash helps to get rid of the odor temporarily.

The odor doesn’t go away completely until the foods have passed through your body.

If you don’t brush and floss teeth daily, food particles can remain in your mouth promoting bacterial growth between teeth, around the gums, and on the tongue. This causes bad breath.

How to Prevent bad breath??

  1. Practice good oral hygiene.
  2. Brush twice a day with fluoride toothpaste to remove food debris and plaque.
  3. Brush teeth after you eat (keep a toothbrush at work or school to brush after lunch).
  4. Don’t forget to brush the tongue.
  5. Replace your toothbrush every 2 to 3 months or after an illness.
  6. Use floss or an inter dental cleaner to remove food particles and plaque between teeth once a day.
  7. Rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash twice a day.
  8. Dentures should be removed at night and cleaned thoroughly before being placed in your mouth the next morning.
  9. See your dentist regularly — at least twice a year for oral examination and professional teeth cleaning and  detect and treat periodontal disease, dry mouth, or other problems that may be the cause of bad mouth odor.
  10. Stop smoking and chewing tobacco-based products.
  11. Drink lots of water. This will keep your mouth moist.
  12. Chewing gum (preferably sugarless) or sucking on candy (preferably sugarless) also stimulates the production of saliva, which helps wash away food particles and bacteria. Gums and mints containing xylitol are best.
  13. Keep a log of the foods you eat. If you think they may be causing bad breath, bring the log to your dentist to review.
  14. Make a list of the medications you take as drugs cause bad breath.

Know more about Braces

 

 

bracess

Orthodontics – the word comes from the Greek ‘orthos’, meaning “straight, perfect or proper”, and ‘dontos’, which means “teeth”.

An orthodontist helps in-

  • Closing wide gaps between the teeth
  • Making sure the tips of the teeth are aligned
  • Straightening crooked/ crowded teeth
  • Improving speech or eating (oral function)
  • Improving the long-term health of gums and teeth
  • Preventing long-term excessive wear or trauma (of the teeth)
  • Treating an improper bite

Orthodontic treatment commencement-

Treatment starts mostly about 12 or 13 years old when the adult teeth have fully erupted.

Good oral hygiene is important before any orthodontic work starts.

The treatment may last from few months to number of years depending on the case.

 Different forms of orthodontic treatment include-

1.Fixed space maintainers

If the child loses a milk tooth, a space maintainer stops the two adjacent teeth from moving into it till the adult tooth comes.

  1. Metal braces/Traditional braces

These are made of metal brackets and wires. This is the first thing which come into people’s mind when they hear the word “braces.”

  1. Ceramic Braces

These are of the same size and shape as metal braces, but they are tooth-colored that blend in to teeth.

  1. Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are the same as metal braces, but the braces are placed on the inside of teeth.

  1. Invisalign/ Clear Aligners

They consist of a series of 18 to 30 removable custom-made, mouth guard-like clear plastic aligners which are to be replaced every 2 weeks.

 

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